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Психологические причины неучастия молодежи в политической жизни

https://doi.org/10.26795/2307-1281-2019-7-4-9

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Аннотация

Введение. В статье рассматриваются сравнительные психограммы групп респондентов, сформированных на основании высказанных ими 9 причин неучастия в политической жизни.

Материалы и методы. Для анализа (120 респондентов, 2 социологические анкеты, 6 личностных тестов) используется авторский метод множественного сравнения (обобщенный вариант). В результате определены экстремальности этих 9 групп в рамках задачи, в которой сравнивались 89 групп.

Результаты исследования. Исходя из суммарной выраженности (экстремальности) личностных качеств, для трех групп высокой экстремальности приводятся полные психограммы. Это группы, респонденты которых: 1) затруднились ответить, почему они не принимают участия в политической жизни; 2) не принимают участия в политической жизни по причине личной занятости; 3) не принимают участия в политической жизни по причине, что они доверяют президенту и считают, что он сам решит все проблемы. Для следующих за ними по экстремальности трех групп рассматриваются сокращенные психограммы, в которых указываются только ярко выраженные личностные качества. Это группы, респонденты которых: 1) не участвуют в политической жизни по причине, что политика – «грязное дело» и приличным людям там делать нечего; 2) не видят лидеров, за которыми можно было бы пойти, и поэтому не принимают участия в политической жизни; 3) не принимали участия в политической жизни потому, что, по их мнению, политикой должны заниматься профессионалы. Для оставшихся трех групп, в которых не выявлено ярко выраженных качеств (достаточно усредненная в рамках совокупности 89 групп картина), перечисляются только их названия по причинам неучастия их представителей в политической жизни.

Обсуждение и заключения. В результате можно сделать вывод, что причины неучастия респондентов в политической жизни во многом определяются их психологическим своеобразием.

Об авторе

М. М. Басимов
Российский государственный социальный университет
Россия

Басимов Михаил Михайлович – доктор психологических наук, факультет психологии

Москва



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